Pisidia Antioch

One thing that struck me as I drove from Conya (Iconium) to Pisidia Antioch and then along the southern coast of Turkey was just how rugged the terrain is. The road wound through high mountain passes and descended into pleasant valleys that had yet to embrace the industrial revolution.

Paul delivered several sermons in the synagogue at Antioch which are preserved for us in the 13th chapter of Acts. The apostles went on from Antioch to Iconium and then to Lystra where, in response to the healing of a crippled man, the people declared, “The gods have come down to us in the likeness of men!” This was, of course, the very claim the Roman emperors made for themselves.

To fly down and change your own form to the frame
Of a young man on earth, and, braving the danger,
To suffer the people to give you the name
Of Caesar’s avenger 1

Paul declared to the people of Lystra that we ought instead to worship the living God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, who satisfies our hearts with food and gladness. (Acts 14:14) It was a simple message, but also subversive, for these words also undermined the worship of Caesar!

A temple to Augustus in Pisidia Antioch. Temples such as this one were built in every part of the Roman empire.
Bull with garland decoration from the temple to Augustus in Pisidia Antioch. “And the priest of Zeus, whose temple was at the entrance to the city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates and wanted to offer sacrifice with the crowds.” (Acts 14:12)

  1. Od. 1.2.25-44, from “Paul and the Faithfulness of God”, N.T. Wright (pg 322)